Under a Creative Commons license open access Abstract The use of corpus linguistic techniques and other related mathematical analyses have rarely, if ever, been applied to qualitative data collected from the veterinary field. The aim of this study was to explore the use of a combination of corpus linguistic analyses and mathematical methods to investigate a free-text questionnaire dataset collected from UK veterinarians on evidence-based veterinary medicine, specifically, attitudes towards practice-based research PBR and improving the veterinary knowledge base.
There are no large case series and the medical, legal and psychological aspects of GS have not been addressed in most of these studies. To our knowledge, this is the largest reported GS case series. Data were collected from consecutive GC cycles between and The indications for a GC were divided into two groups.
There were 66 pregnancies There were 75 pregnancies Of the pregnancies, pregnancies were ongoing surpassed 20 weeks or had ended with a live birth and the other 36 pregnancies resulted in miscarriage Maternal GS complication rates were low, occurring in only 9. Fetal anomalies occurred in only 1.
Due to the retrospective nature of this study, follow-up data on 6. In addition, long-term follow-up data on GCs and IPs were not available to us at the time of publication.
We have included many details regarding not only the medical protocol but also the counseling and legal considerations, which are an inseparable part of the process.
Data from this study can be included in discussions with future intended parents and gestational carriers regarding success rates and complications of GS. In GS, the GC is not genetically related to the embryo.
In this case, the surrogate is genetically related to the embryo. There are a myriad of underlying medical indications where GS is a potential option for family building, and in many cases, the only option available.
The major categories which would indicate the need for a GC include: However, GS is not restricted to only these indications. However, there are many important and controversial medical, psychosocial and legal aspects to GS that afford complexity to the process from beginning to end.
Overall, this includes aspects surrounding: All of these factors will be addressed in this article.
The purpose of our study was to review and share our experience over the last 15 years with GC cycles that were carried out in a Canadian university-affiliated fertility centre, the Create Fertility Centre CFC. This represents, to our knowledge, the largest GS program in Canada.
Materials and Methods Subjects A retrospective cohort study was carried out. Anonymized data were collected regarding consecutive GC cycles — directly from patient charts and from the Create IVF database a custom-designed Microsoft SQL server database.
According to the CFC ethics board established criteria, all GCs must be between the age of 21 and 45 and have had one or more uncomplicated term pregnancies resulting in the birth of at least one child.Jackson DJ, Lang JM, Swartz WH, Ganiats TG, Fullerton J, Ecker J, Nguyen U.
Outcomes, safety, and resource utilization in a collaborative care birth center program compared with traditional physician-based perinatal care. I. BACKGROUND. Newborn screening in the United States is a public health program aimed at the early identification of conditions for which early and timely interventions can lead to the elimination or reduction of associated mortality, morbidity, and disabilities.
Mutilation or maiming (from the Latin: mutilus) is cutting off or injury to a body part of a person so that the part of the body is permanently damaged, detached or disfigured. Usage. Some ethnic groups practice ritual mutilation, e.g.
scarification, burning. Jul 01, · The purpose of this study was to explore the concepts of respect for persons (treatment with dignity) and respect for autonomy (involvement in decisions) and their possible relation to patient outcomes using data from a nationally representative survey.
Chang WH, Bang OY, Shin YI, Lee A, Pascual-Leone A, Kim YH.
BDNF polymorphism and differential rTMS effects of motor recovery of stroke patients. Brain Stim. Mar Kramer DB, Kesselheim AS, Salberg L, Brock DW, Maisel WH. Ethical and legal views regarding deactivation of cardiac implantable electrical devices in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy.
Am J Cardiol. Apr 01; (7)e5.