Dave Thompson September 24, at 4: The tests then serve as the formal specification for your interface, which often leads to easier and quicker implementation of your interface. Since your code's specification is now being tested, it is very easy to prove to stakeholders that your code works as intended, and is often easier to change when stakeholders change their minds.
Continue to article content How did big media miss the Donald Trump swell? News organizations old and new, large and small, print and online, broadcast and cable assigned phalanxes of reporters armed with the most sophisticated polling data and analysis to cover the presidential campaign.
What went so wrong? The media, in this view, was guilty not just of confirmation bias but of complicity. But the knowing-bias charge never added up: No news organization ignored the Clinton emails story, and everybody feasted on the damaging John Podesta email cache that WikiLeaks served up buffet-style.
Just after the election, presidential strategist Steve Bannon savaged the press on the same point but with a heartier vocabulary. Counties that voted for Donald Trump in are in red, and Hillary Clinton counties are in blue, with darker colors signifying higher vote margins.
The bubbles represent the counties with the most newspaper and internet publishing jobs. Not only do most of the bubbles fall in blue counties, chiefly on the coasts, but an outright majority of the jobs are in the deepest-blue counties, where Clinton won by 30 points or more.
Illustration by DataPoint; data reporting by Tucker Doherty But journalistic groupthink is a symptom, not a cause. Where do journalists work, and how much has that changed in recent years? To determine this, my colleague Tucker Doherty excavated labor statistics and cross-referenced them against voting patterns and Census data to figure out just what the American media landscape looks like, and how much it has changed.
The results read like a revelation. And the bubble is growing more extreme. Concentrated heavily along the coasts, the bubble is both geographic and political.
Parts of the media have always had their own bubbles. The national magazine industry has been concentrated in New York for generations, and the copy produced reflects an Eastern sensibility. But they were more than balanced out by the number of newspaper jobs in big cities, midsized cities and smaller towns throughout the country, spreading journalists everywhere.
The newspaper industry has jettisoned hundreds of thousands of jobs, due to falling advertising revenues. Dailies have shrunk sections, pages and features; some have retreated from daily publication; hundreds have closed.
Daily and weekly newspaper publishers employed aboutreporters, clerks, salespeople, designers and the like inaccording to the Bureau of Labor Statistics. By Januarythat workforce had more than halved toThose losses were felt in almost every region of the country.
Graphic by Tucker Doherty As newspapers have dwindled, internet publishers have added employees at a bracing clip. Since Januaryinternet publishing has grown from 77, jobs toin January For the first time, the number of workers in internet publishing exceeded the number of their newspaper brethren.
Internet publishers are now adding workers at nearly twice the rate newspaper publishers are losing them. Where newspaper jobs are spread nationwide, internet jobs are not: Today, 73 percent of all internet publishing jobs are concentrated in either the Boston-New York-Washington-Richmond corridor or the West Coast crescent that runs from Seattle to San Diego and on to Phoenix.
The Chicagoland area, a traditional media center, captures 5 percent of the jobs, with a paltry 22 percent going to the rest of the country. And almost all the real growth of internet publishing is happening outside the heartland, in just a few urban counties, all places that voted for Clinton.
What caused the majority of national media jobs to concentrate on the coasts? An alignment of the stars? A flocking of like-minded humans? The answer is far more structural, and far more difficult to alter: It was economics that done the deed. The technology would free internet employees to work from wherever they could find a broadband connection.
That remains true in theory, with thousands of Web developers, writers and producers working remotely from lesser metropolises.myLot is an enormous discussion board, blogging community, questions and answers hub, social network and online hangout that pays you for your valuable contributions.
What are the most interesting or valuable things that writing has taught you? Update Cancel. ad by Grammarly. thoughts are the things. But when we write them down, they become affirmation. Views · View Upvoters.
What is the most interesting thing that research has taught you? Saying that it has always been this way, doesn’t count as a legitimate justification to why it should stay that way. Teacher and administrators all over the world are doing amazing things, but some of the things we are still doing, despite all the new solutions, research and ideas out there is, to .
The Jargon File contains a bunch of definitions of the term ‘hacker’, most having to do with technical adeptness and a delight in solving problems and overcoming limits. If you want to know how to become a hacker, though, only two are really relevant.
There is a community, a shared culture, of expert programmers and networking wizards that traces its history back through decades to the. January To do something well you have to like it. That idea is not exactly novel.
We've got it down to four words: "Do what you love." But it's not enough just to tell people that. The map at the top of this piece shows how concentrated media jobs have become in the nation’s most Democratic-leaning counties.
Counties that voted for Donald Trump in are in red, and.