Dream Interpretation and Psychoanalysis By J Jones In the first pages of his work New Introductory Lectures On Psychoanalysis, dated December 6thSigmund Freud clearly asserts that the theory of dreams "occupies a special place in the history of psychoanalysis and marks a turning-point; it was with it that analysis took the step from being a psychotherapeutic procedure to being a depth-psychology".
The Dream Work Now that analysts have become reconciled to replacing the manifest dream by the meaning revealed by its interpretation, many of them have become guilty of falling into another confusion which they cling to with equal obstinacy.
They seek to find the essence of dreams in their latent content and in so doing they overlook the distinction between the latent dream-thoughts and the dream-work.
At bottom dreams are nothing other than a particular form of thinking, made possible by the conditions of the state of sleep. It is the dream work that creates that form, and it alone is the essence of dreaming—the explanation of its peculiar nature.
Interpretation of Dreams Footnote added in The first typical of the earlier days is to attribute too much importance to the manifest content of dreams--to make too much of what is obvious. The Dream is a disguise, so that interpretation must dig beneath the manifest content to its symbolic core.
However, the other mistake more typical of later analysis is to jump too quickly to some latent content--not visible on the surface but lurking below like the monster from the black lagoon. The point is to see the dream not simply in terms of either its manifest or its latent content. Rather it is to understand the processes by which the dream comes into being.
Freud locates four main aspects to the dream-work, the means by which the hidden wish becomes expressed. These four aspects account for how wishes and desires become structured and organized unconsciously. These aspects of the dream-work transform a latent unconscious set of thoughts into the manifest content the dreamwhich is a disguised version of those thoughts.
In a footnote to his often very dream-like poem, The Waste Land, T. This is what he says: Just as the one-eyed merchant, seller of currants, melts into the Phoenician Sailor, and the latter is not wholly distinct from Ferdinand Prince of Naples, so all the women are one woman, and the two sexes meet in Tiresias.
It is, in fact, exactly the situation one finds in dreams. The principle figure in the dream-content was my patient Irma. She appeared with the features which were hers in real life, and thus, in the first instance, represented herself. But the position in which I examined her by the window was derived from someone else, the lady for whom, as the dream-thoughts showed, I wanted to exchange my patient.
In so far as Irma appeared to have a diphtheritic membrane, which recalled my anxiety about my eldest daughter, she stood for that child and, behind her, through her possession of the same name as my daughter, was hidden the figure of my patient who succumbed to poisoning.
The unifying image Tiresias or Irma represents one of the points of intersection for many otherwise hidden associative chains. Condensation is brought about by latent elements that have something in common being combined and fused into a single unity in the manifest dream.
Freud points out that the process is like constructing a new concept out of something that various people, things and places have in common.
The new temporary concept has this common element as its nucleus.
It is like a creation of the imagination that can combine things that do not normally belong together into a strange new unity. Translation Condensation A translation normally endeavours to preserve the distinctions made in the text and particularly to keep things that are similar separate. The dream work tries to condense two different thoughts by seeking out an ambiguous word in which the two thoughts may come together.
So, by condensation, two quite different latent trains of thought can be combined into one manifest dream. But no simple relation will remain between the elements in the latent and the manifest dream.That is, the analysis of dreams must come to grips with what Freud calls “the dream-work.” Analysis is thus concerned with process, rather than content, as it is the process that reveals the workings of the unconscious.
40 (Volume 20, No. 1) March, Introduction by The Editors. SOCIALISM AND DEMOCRACY AT Frank Rosengarten – Looking Back in Order to Look Ahead: Twenty Years of Research and Publishing by the Research Group on Socialism and Democracy Victor Wallis – Socialism and Democracy During the First 20 Years of Socialism and Democracy.
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OBITUARY JACOB H. CONN (), 86, A PSYCHIATRIST, IS DEAD: NEW YORK TIMES: Dr.
Jacob Harry Conn, a psychiatrist and educator for 50 years, died Wednesday at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. He was 86 years old and lived in Baltimore. Dr. Jacob Harry Conn, a psychiatrist and educator for 50 years, died Wednesday at Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore.
Psychoanalysis is a set of theories and therapeutic techniques related to the study of the unconscious mind, which together form a method of treatment for mental-health disorders. The discipline was established in the early s by Austrian neurologist Sigmund Freud and stemmed partly from the clinical work of Josef Breuer and others..
Freud first used the term psychoanalysis (in French) in Freud's work, The Interpretation of Dreams, has a direct relationship to the "Project for a Scientific Psychology." This work provided an outline for Chapter 7, the theoretical chapter, of the dream regardbouddhiste.com Interpretation of Dreamscan be viewed as a completion of, or an alternative to, the Project.