Violence in television programmes has been of great concern since the early days of television. In his book "Children Talking Television" David Buckingham's analysis suggests that the relationship between media text and audience response, sociocultural structure and human agency, is one which by a definition, is always played out in relation to children's social locations, purposes and competence.
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Primary External Factors Affecting Ryanair Introduction The European airline business is competitive as the region has many players and attracts a huge customer base Campisi, et al. The high costs of air travel has seen the battle of skies skyrocket with the entrance of budget airlines.
Ryanair, an Irish airline, markets itself as a low cost and short-haul airline company. The firm competes in the eurozone.
For years, Ryanair has won accolades for low cost jets with its vision of reaching all its destinations at a lower cost than its competitors. It is also marketed as the most convenient airline, flying to most destinations in Europe. The eurozone, with its many low cost airlines, is very competitive but Ryanair prides itself on being the most profitable, thus topping the list as the market leader in EU countries.
One of its major campaign tools is creating long-term relationships and going beyond expectations in meeting customer needs and ensuring satisfaction.
The firm has had successes with profits increasing year on year. This report analyses the primary external factors that have influenced the company and the forces that shape its decision making. Political Ryanair operates in the eurozone countries Ryanair, Therefore the political climate in this region affects its decisions.
The region has had a peaceful political climate, with this being good for business and enabling ongoing operations. Demands have been made on governments to either reduce or promote costs. Security levels at airports have increased.
These changes may see Ryanair pass the cost to the customers. Because the EU countries promote their national carriers, Ryanair has to develop alternative routes so that its profits do not dip. Politically, the governments in the EU have promoted tourism. This continues to give Ryanair increased profits as it has created convenient routes and travel schedules.
Economic Globally, the airline sector has experienced falling revenues as air travel has decreased.
Further, travellers are making bookings at the last minute and ticket prices have fallen. The firm has had to adjust its schedules to maximize peak-time travel and avoid wastage during low travel periods. The economic recession had made customers re-evaluate their flying choices, with fewer travelling in business class.
Ryanair has had to re-evaluate what it offers in economy class to get more profits there. The economy has seen improvements in speed trains, which now offer an alternative to air travel.
Ryanair had to come up with a marketing strategy to attract new customers and retain loyal customers. Increase in the taxes and interest rates has hurt the pricing and promotional strategy. Oil prices have not helped much as they continue to fluctuate.
All these economic factors have cost implications. To beat these variables, Ryanair has adopted a flexible market response strategy in each and every area of operation. Socio-Cultural In the eurozone, consumers are more aware of the transport prices.
Their attitudes change according to their preferences as they are able to compare different modes of transport. In this case, if a client wants to travel from London to Dublin, they will be able to choose between the airlines, road transport and even rail transport Rachet, Their preferences inform their choices, leading to customers demanding low costs from their airlines.
Competition in the market has given customers choices. Low-end customers tend to always be on the lookout for the lowest cost and best quality airline.Social and cultural factors affecting business include belief systems and practices, customs, traditions and behaviours of all people in given country, fashion trends and market activities influencing actions and decisions.
FACTORS INFLUENCING YOUTH CRIME AND JUVENILE DELINQUENCY John Onyango Omboto1, Gerald O. Ondiek2, Odhiambo Odera3, This paper addresses these factors among the youth imprisoned at Kamiti Youth Corrective Training centre (Y.C.T.C) which is the only penal institution for young of social class on crime and delinquency affirms the opinion.
Social Determinants of Health: How Social and Economic Factors Affect Health 3 ing the best recent research and analysis, is presented in Figure ,9 A population’s health is shaped 10% by How Social and Economic Factors Affect Health 5. The PESTEL analysis highlights six aspects which include Political, Economic, Social, Technological, Environmental and Legal factors.
Political Trading cars in 17 countries of North America, Western Europe and Asia, TESLA Motors have to be aware of the distinctive political patters which influence their business operations.
Assess the extent to which home based, rather than school – based factors account for social class based differences in educational achievement (30) Focusing on home background initially, we can look at how material and cultural factors might affect a child’s education.
Political participation is one of the important issues drawn to the special attention of various fields of social sciences and politics. Today, women as an effective group in participation and political participation especially have an important role in political decision-making.
Therefore, the main objective of this study is to examine social factors affecting women's political participation.